Pilot areas

CO-EVOLVE is planning to replicate the analysis at Mediterranean scale of threats to and enabling factors for the development at pilot area scale. 7 pilot areas – spread across 5 countries- were selected for the project. The areas have diverse natural, physical and geographic characteristics, ranging from coastal urbanised areas to natural protected areas.

These areas are represented in the map below.

1. Alexandroupoli/ Makri area & Thassos/ Keramoti area - EL

PILOT AREA 1-A

Name

Alexandroupoli-Makri

Country

Greece

Responsible Partner

Region of East Macedonia and Thrace

General description of the area

Urban and suburban coastal area and port next to a Natura 2000 protected area.

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

Pressure for littoralisation, urban expansion along the coast, erosion issues connected to the port construction and expansion, low tourism, high tourism capacity (empty hotels). Need for urban redevelopment of the coastal front in order to attract local and international tourism.

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

Municipality of Alexandroupoli (it includes the village of Makri and the protected area), Port Authority of Alexandroupoli, Managing Authority of the Evros Delta Protected Area.

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)    

MSP-ICZM Local Plan focused on achieving sustainable tourism. Possibility of preparation of studies for selected actions according to the existing planning of the local stakeholders and the priorities set by the MSP-ICZM local plan.

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PILOT AREA 1-B

Name

Keramoti-Thassos

Country

Greece

Responsible Partner

Region of East Macedonia and Thrace

General description of the area

The village of Keramoti is “inside” the Natura 2000 protected area and the port of Thasos (Λιμένας Θάσου) is “surrounded” by another Natura 2000 protected area. Keramoti is one the two ports connecting the island of Thasos to the mainland (the other is Kavala). The island of Thasos is a tourist destination known for its “wild character”: rich forest near the sea, combining “sea and sand” and “summer mountain” activities.

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

Increasing the tourism fluxes towards the island of Thasos and Keramoti and, at the same time, protecting the natural environment which is the main “tourism product”.

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

Municipality of Nestos (it includes the village of Keramoti), Municipality of Thasos (it includes the whole island), Managing Authority of the protected area Nestos – Vistonida.

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)      

MSP-ICZM Local Plan focused on achieving sustainable tourism.

2. Cattolica (RN) port and coast area & Comacchio-Lido di Spina (FE- Po Delta park) - IT

PILOT AREA 2-A

Name

Cattolica harbor and coastal area (Rimini Province)

Country

Italy

Responsible Partner

Regione Emilia Romagna 

General description of the area

Urbanised coastal area with multipurpose harbor (fishery, shipyard, crafts production, pleasure boats Marina) and seaside resort structured with bath-house facilities. 

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

Silting of the internal harbor area, from Tavollo creek transport, and of the harbor mouth, from the sea solid transport, beach maintenance, sea flooding. Decreased tourists attractiveness of the harbor and of the seaside area, difficulties and crisis in human activities reflecting on local economy and employment. 

Creating conditions for the sustainable management of Cattolica harbor, sediment management. Re-launching of tourism in the area along with sustainability principles implementation. Favouring human activities sustainability, and employment in tourism sector, and in primary and secondary sectors.

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

Municipality of Cattolica, Marina of Cattolica harbor, fishing Cooperatives, shipyards Company, bath-house facilities Operators, hotels Operators.  

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)

Formulation of an integrated Plan for the re-launching of the area (harbor and coast), and achievement of sustainability condition for tourism and human activities, through a participatory process with main stakeholders and the citizens; 2 meetings with referents of Cattolica Municipality and main stakeholders held on the 19th of December 2016 and on the 9th of January 2017. 

Small Scale Investment: acquisition and installation of a sand trap device line (jet-suction ejector system) for sediment management, against harbor silting.

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PILOT AREA 2-B

Name

Comacchio, Lido di Spina (Ferrara Province)

Country

Italy

Responsible Partner

Regione Emilia Romagna

General description of the area

Beach area with abandoned bath-house facilities (recently demolished by the Municipality of Comacchio) along the right side of the Logonovo channel in Lido di Spina seaside resort.

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

Social degradation of the area, degraded dune system, degradation of the beach and of the waterfront, decreased attractiveness reflecting on nearby areas affecting local touristic economy, housing and employment. Renaturation of the dune system and promotion of its tourism valorization and sustainable management. Elaborate a model of renaturation and valorization of dune systems joining aspects of accessibility, sustainable fruition and environment protection, replicable in other coastal areas. Re-launching tourism attractiveness of the area favoring sustainable tourist activities and new related employment.

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

Municipality of Comacchio, Po Delta Park, tourism Operators, sports Associations, environmental Associations, bath-housefacilities Operators, hotels Operators. 

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)

Formulation of an integrated Plan for the renaturation, requalification and sustainable fruition /handicap accessibility and re-launching of the area, through a participatory process with main stakeholders and the citizens; 1 meeting with referents of Comacchio Municipality held on the 6th of December 2016. 

Small Scale Investment: renaturation of the dune system, realization of a naturalistic path with catwalks and movable bathing structure facilities, high accessibility for handicap.

3. Rosolina Mare & Polesine Camerini - IT

PILOT AREA 3-A

Name

Rosolina Mare 

Country

Italy

Responsible Partner

Veneto Delta Po Park Authority

General description of the area

The site is located in Rosolina Mare (Rosolina Municipality), in the Po Delta area. This is the main touristic locality in the area with 1 million annual presences. Action will be implemented in a camping surrounded by a pinewood SIC-ZPS and by lagoon and fishing lagoon areas, SIC-ZPS areas as well. 

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

Main problems are related with touristic pressure during high season (summer months) focused on the seaside areas (Rosolina Mare). Objectives should achieve to reduce the pressure on the environment during the high season and extend the sustainable touristic offer all-year round.

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

Municipality, fishing associations, aquaculture valley’s owners, farmers, hotels, Delta Po Park Authority, Europa Place Consortium of Rosolina. 

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)

Realise a prototype for a bungalow accordingly a NZEB (Net Zero Energy Building) and metabolic design, to be placed in a traditional touristic camping village context as a real example of sustainable accommodation. The external area, surrounded by the coastal pinewood, will be an example to provide guidelines for best forestry application with low environmental impact.

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PILOT AREA 3-B

Name

Polesine Camerini

Country

Italy

Responsible Partner

Veneto Delta Po Park Authority

General description of the area

The site is located in Polesine – Camerini - Porto Tolle Municipality. In particular, the pilot area is the site of the Enel Power Station that is located within the Park and beside the SPA Po Delta area. 

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

Main problems are related with the conflicts between the mono functional industrial area and the proximity to SPA Po Delta area.

Objectives should aim to restore a green and blue network according to its conversion for sustainable touristic and environmental purposes.

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

Municipality, Enel SPA, Delta Po Park Authority, associations, Polytechnic of Milan (in charge of Enel Power Plant Reconversion scenario).

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)

The area will be analysed and monitored from the environmental point of view for a potential enlargement to  the SPA areas (Natura 2000 sites). The central system can host an Environmental Observatory of the Territory.

4. Port of Valencia - ES

PILOT AREA 4-A

Name

Port of Valencia

Country

Spain

Responsible Partner

Valenciaport Foundation

General description of the area

The port is one of Valencia’s most important institutions for both the city and the region. Historically, port activities have been responsible for the economic growth of the region through trade exchanges, passenger movements and maritime services from which the modern city of Valencia has developed. Through the years, the Port of Valencia has grown and changed. The port has grown towards the sea creating breakwaters and other protection works making possible the construction of new basins. At the same time, some already-existing inner basins have been reshaped for urban related activities such as leisure ports. 

Over the last decade, and especially during the last five years, the Port of Valencia has succeeded in attracting a new market of international cruise passengers. The city of Valencia is becoming an attractive tourist destination by itself so the Port of Valencia call for cruises liners operating in the Mediterranean. This fact would have a significant economic impact on both the city and the region with a feedback effect on the tourist sector but also has an environmental impact and several pressure coming from society.

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

Obviously, Cruises vessels is a key source of revenue for the MED Coastal Areas and particularly for the Valencian Region, but this kind of tourism is also pointed out as a source of pressure and environmental impacts. The vessel impact at ports and nearby areas affecting negatively to the city in terms of environment. In this sense, the coexistence between ports and cities has had many problems related to the territory sharing. Ports receive pressure from the city about high noise levels, ships emissions, visual impacts, heavy traffic near the port-city accesses, etc.

In this sense, there are identified environmental impacts in the pilot area in several projects such as SIMPYC (Port – city environmental integration system_ (LIFE), CLIMEPORT (Climate change mitigation by Port and city) and GREENBERTH (Green berths in city areas)_ ( MED): among others,  greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, NOX, CH4) and pm10, pm2,5 from vessels, waste management, high noise levels, dirty waters, etc. in terms of conflicts regarding the port-city area.

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

Valencia Port Authority, Infrastructure Ministry, Directorate-General for the Environment (Valencia Regional Ministry of Agriculture and Environment),   Valencia City Council, ship suppliers, providers, etc.

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)

The pilot action aims to improve governance and facilitate the mainstreaming into public action of the guiding principles set out in the ICZM Med Protocol. 

A Port Sustainable generic methodological framework focus on the environmental impacts (resources consumption, noise levels, GHG emissions, use of alternative fuels such as LNG and other renewable energy can be used to supply electricity, waste collection, dirty water management, etc.) taken into account how to affect the city. In this sense, it will be established in the form of a ECO-cruise port/city tool for assessing the impact of cruise activities within the port and city area, in a systemic way as well as linked with a setup of good environmental practices. This structured approach will enable the identification of existing inefficiencies and gaps as well as potential good practices for improvement where targeted measures may be implemented for enhancing the sustainability of cruise activities considering the local characteristics of the region addressed as well as the needs of relevant actors.

The demonstration action will focus on an ECO- cruise port/city tool to reduce environmental impacts from vessel calls and validating them at the city of Valencia and the surrounding areas. This tool aims to improve the city-port relationship reducing the environmental impacts and promoting a sustainability awareness between port and city.

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PILOT AREA 4-B

Name

Valencia – Modeling socio-economic impact

Country

Spain

Responsible Partner

Valenciaport Foundation

General description of the area

Valencia is a tourist destination. The city offers an attractive array of activities and sights; suitable for all ages. Valencia also has an important commercial Port, known as Valencia port. Cruise traffic at the Port of Valencia has grown 125% in number of passengers over the last 10 years. At the end of 2016, it closed the year with a total of more than 180 calls and over 400,000 cruise passengers. Valencia has become a popular tourist destination in the Mediterranean, with an annual growth of over 7%. This traffic will continue increasing according to the cruise industry trends and its growth perspectives in the Mediterranean area.

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

The economic impact of cruise tourism and its benefit to local livelihoods is a ubiquitous topic for destination policymakers and stakeholders that arises when discussing cruise tourism development. Cruise tourism has been criticized for keeping the majority of associated revenues within the cruise line and not for the local communities (which may make up a large part of the attractiveness and experience) that are not benefitting sufficiently from the cruise passengers. 

Destinations should routinely monitor, benchmark and seek to improve the spending per cruise passenger and the portion that remains within the local economy and its communities. Common methodologies for determining passenger spend and economic social impact will enable benchmarking and data aggregation, as well as improve monitoring’s effectiveness of destinations.

It is important to consider that the economic impact and passenger spending calculations are limited to the instance of visitation and do not account for potential future gains. Cruise tourism passengers who have a positive experience within a destination may decide to return to that destination. The destination should encourage and seek to maximize return visits through various channels as a strategy for increasing spending over the long-term and weigh the potential for positive or negative reputational impact.

Possible objectives include:

-Identification and measuring of socio-economic impact of cruise tourism at Valencia destination and how benefits are distributed;

-Improve training of local community to promote knowledge of cruise tourism.

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

Valencia Port Authority, Region of Valencia Tourism Board, Valencia City Council, Cruise Committee of Valencia, Tourism Operators, Cruise Companies, Chamber of Commerce, etc.  

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)

The demonstration action will focus on develop model to measure economic impact of cruise tourism in local destination.

Main tasks that will be developed:

-Design of the model for measuring socio-economic impact; 

-Application of the model in Valencia Destination; 

-Analysis socio-economic impact of Cruise Tourism; 

-Proposal of Action Plan and recommendations to contribute that economic impacts of cruise tourism are appropriately distributed; 

-Create, or spread quick best practices guides for businesses related to cruise tourism;

-Increase training mechanisms to promote knowledge of cruise tourism.

5. Maguelone/Frontignan area & West Herault coast - FR

PILOT AREA 5-A

Name

Lido from Maguelone to Frontignan-plage

Country

France

Responsible Partner

Department of Hérault

General description of the area

Coastal area with lagoons and a small mountain. The touristic zone of Frontignan-plage is included, several lagoons too, crossed by waterway. Maguelone island is a classified site with a specific history. 20 x 3 km.

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

Beach erosion, sea flooding, industrial zone for petrol stocks, harbors. 

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

Conservatoire du littoral, Syndicate mix of littoral ponds, French State and Region services, urban Communities of Montpellier and Thau, etc. 

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)

Actions to be defined more precisely with local actors (1st local meeting programmed at the beginning of February). Local consultation and awareness actions on coastal risks.

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PILOT AREA 5-B

Name

West coast from Hérault between Vias & Vendres

Country

France

Responsible Partner

Department of Hérault

General description of the area

12 x 3 km, Orb river, 2 coastal villages, buildings, some big campings, and natural areas. 

Population : 15 000 during the year, 80 000 in summer. 

Over 6 000 jobs in summer period.

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

Beach and dune erosion, sea & river flooding, touristic harbor.

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

Conservatoire du littoral, Syndicate mix of Orb river, French State and Region services, urban Community of Béziers, etc.

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)

Actions to be defined more precisely with local actors (1st local meeting programmed the 16th of January). Local consultation and awareness actions on coastal risks.

6. Kastela Bay - HR

PILOT AREA 6

Name

Coastal area of Kaštela bay

Country

Croatia

Responsible Partner

RERA.SD

General description of the area

The coastline of the Town of Kaštela has a very specific history and has been part of one of the biggest infrastructural projects in the Mediterranean - Eco Kaštela Bay financed by the WB and EBRD. The value of the project will be 300 MIO euro by its end. The project has resulted with the rise of the sea quality level along Town of Kaštela coastline, transforming it to beach area for local population and very attractive touristic destination. In parallel, process of deindustrialisation of the area was happening, which lead to further orientation towards tourism.

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

Main problems:

Tourism caused development that lacks urbanism patterns and causes strong pressures on natural resources and cultural heritage sites in the narrow land-sea zone. 

Furthermore, beach erosion presents a big problem for settlements, particularly for 7 historical castles and road infrastructure, located very close to the coastline. 

The area has been subjected to series of sea flooding in recent years which have affected the inner coastal area, i.e. road infrastructure and urban settlements that are closely connected with promenade. With inevitable coastal area sinking and water level rise due to the climate change the threats are listed:

-loss of high value beach area

-exposure to sea floods; where boardwalk and road being mostly affected

-exposure to sea floods; where urban settlements being endangered in extreme events

-saltwater intrusion into the groundwater aquifer, causing loss of specific habitats

Main objectives:

Development of ICZM-MSP plan aiming to promote a sustainable forms of tourism-driven development with focusing  on coastal protection measures as a key factor for preserving coastal zone, especially castles - they are increasingly endangered due to the effects of climate change, particularly sea level rise and floods. 

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

-Department of Town Planning and Housing (development on land side) 

-Department of Public Works (coastal works, road works) 

-Kaštela Municipality (Local Authority) 

-Private sector (tourism companies)  

-Conservation office – Ministry of culture

-Split-Dalmatia County

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)

ICZM-MSP plan aiming to promote a sustainable forms of tourism-driven development.

7. Neretva Delta - HR

PILOT AREA 7

Name

Neretva River delta

Country

Croatia

Responsible Partner

DUNEA

General description of the area

Neretva River delta coastal area, from Municipality of Slivno on the south to the city of Ploče on the north. This territory covers urban area with city of Ploče and special areas of natural heritage in the Neretva River Delta (Southeast part of the Neretva Delta) which is listed as Ramsar site and declared as a Special Ichthiological Ornithological Reserve and represents a unique landscape in Europe. The whole area is under NATURA 2000. Neretva Delta is the most valuable wetland on eastern Adriatic coast and the largest and the most valuable remnants of Mediterranean wetlands on the eastern Adriatic coast. It is the only delta in Croatia. The backbone of the economy in this area is cargo seaport in Ploče, second in Croatia by the amount of transhipment. This is also the connection point of the main roads, rail and maritime transport.

Main problems to be tackled/objectives to achieve for sustainable tourism maintenance/development

The future of this area should be based on balancing the need for further development and the need to protect natural resources. It is also necessary to coordinate the development of different and sometimes conflicting activities and needs, such as agriculture, water management, infrastructure construction, tourism, industry, increasing the quality of life, etc.

Local actors and stakeholders to be involved

Dubrovnik Neretva ICZM Group, Local government units in Dubrovnik Neretva county, Tourism sector, Port authorities, Sport fishing and hunting clubs and associations, Local community.

Demonstration actions to be carried out under WP4 (Integrated Plans, tools/Services, Small scale investments if foreseen, etc.)

Implementation of integrated management plan for Dubrovnik Neretva River Delta/ Pilot Area 7.